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Medical Technology

Clinical Articles

Basic Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics plays an important role in understanding chromosomal and genetic disorders. Understanding the basic cytogenetic abnormalities can give us an insight in its use in the diagnosis of haematological diseases.

MAR 17, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Moraxella catarrhalis

About 1 to 5% of healthy adults have upper respiratory tract colonization. Nasopharyngeal colonization with M. catarrhalis is common throughout infancy, may be increased during winter months, and is a risk factor for acute otitis media; early colonization is a risk factor for recurrent otitis media.

MAR 15, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

The Value of a Venous Blood gas to monitor diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA is caused by an absence or inadequate amount of insulin. This is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea, acute abdominal pain, weakness, a fruity-scented breath, and confusion.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Mental health in the workplace

According to the world health organization (WHO) mental health can be defined as a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make contribution to his or her community.

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS


Neurocysticercosis is a systematic illness caused by the dissemination of the larval form of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Encystment of larvae can occur in almost any tissue.

OCT 21, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Protecting personal information: Implications of the Protection of Personal Information (POPI) Act for healthcare professionals

Careless handling of patient information in daily medical practice can result in Health Professions Council of South Africa sanction, breach of privacy lawsuits and, in extreme cases, serious monetary penalty or even imprisonment. 

SEPT 21, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Fungitell assay

With the high mortality rate associated with invasive fungal infections, methods for timely detection and diagnosis are necessary for appropriate and effective treatment.

AUG 26, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Phlebotomy, a bridge between laboratory and patient

The evidence-based paradigm has changed and evolved medical practice. Phlebotomy, which dates back to the age of ancient Greece...

JUN 22, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

The Colour of Blood

In the medical field, we are familiar with the usual colour of blood being either bright red or dark red. The bright red is oxygenated blood, coming back from the heart, known as arterial blood. 

JUN 12, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exposure

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) represent a group of compounds with many genotoxic carcinogens. Carcinogens are substances that can cause cancer. 

JUN 5, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Association of Cardiac Injury With Mortality in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 in Wuhan, China

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in considerable morbidity
and mortality worldwide since December 2019.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Temporal profiles of viral load in posterior oropharyngeal saliva samples and serum antibody responses during infection by SARS-CoV-2: an observational cohort study

Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes severe community and nosocomial outbreaks.

MAY 18, 2020   |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

UV Sterilization of Personal Protective Equipment with Idle Laboratory Biosafety Cabinets During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Personal protective equipment (PPE), including surgical masks and N95 respirators, is crucially important to the safety of both patients and medical personnel, particularly in the event of infectious pandemics. 

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Acquired B phenomenon

Acquired B phenotype is part of a rare group of ABO discrepancies (Harmening, 2012: 138). In order to understand the acquired B phenomenon, one has to first understand what is meant with an ABO discrepancy. 

MAY 8, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Emotional intelligence in the laboratory

To date, literature on emotional intelligence (EI) in medical laboratory science is scarce because some researchers have considered laboratory staff as being as automated as the robotic instruments they work with. 

JUL 9, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Commonly used drugs in ER and ICU and their unintended effects on laboratory results

A pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication, is a chemical substance used to treat, prevent or diagnose disease or promote well-being.

MAY 7, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Ethics Articles

An exploration of an ethics of care in relation to people with intellectual disability and their family caregivers in the Cape Town metropole in South Africa

People with intellectual disability (ID) are defined as a group by their need for lifelong support. For the most part, it falls to family caregivers to provide this support.

MAR 17, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Practice what you preach’: Nurses’ perspectives on the Code of Ethics and Service Pledge in five South African hospitals

A recent focus of the global discourse on the health workforce has been on its quality, including the existence of codes of ethics. 

MAR 17, 2021  |  ETHICS: 1 POINTS

Blood Transfusions and Medical Malpractice in South Africa

Blood transfusions save countless lives around the world, with an estimated 85 million units of red blood cells transfused each year.

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Ethics of sleep- Clinical practice and the law

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and its caused coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in China since December 2019.

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

May Hospitals Withhold Ventilators from COVID-19 Patients with Pre- Existing Disabilities? Notes on the Law and Ethics of Disability-Based Medical Rationing

For years, conflicts over medical rationing have preoccupied participants in health care debates.

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Organ Donation: Ethics thereof

Transplantation ethics is a philosophy that incorporates systematizing, defending, and advocating concepts of right and wrong conduct related to organ donation.

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Science, ethics and communication remain essential for the success of cell-based therapies

Cell‑based therapeutics, such as marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, are a standard of care for certain malignancies.

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS