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Medical Technology

Clinical Articles

National level adjustments to the challenges of the SARS-CoV2 pandemic on blood banking operations

Cytogenetics plays an important role in understanding chromosomal and genetic disorders. Understanding the basic cytogenetic abnormalities can give us an insight in its use in the diagnosis of haematological diseases.

MAR 17, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Moraxella catarrhalis

About 1 to 5% of healthy adults have upper respiratory tract colonization. Nasopharyngeal colonization with M. catarrhalis is common throughout infancy, may be increased during winter months, and is a risk factor for acute otitis media; early colonization is a risk factor for recurrent otitis media.

MAR 15, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

The Value of a Venous Blood gas to monitor diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA is caused by an absence or inadequate amount of insulin. This is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea, acute abdominal pain, weakness, a fruity-scented breath, and confusion.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Mental health in the workplace

According to the world health organization (WHO) mental health can be defined as a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make contribution to his or her community.

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS


Neurocysticercosis is a systematic illness caused by the dissemination of the larval form of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Encystment of larvae can occur in almost any tissue.

OCT 21, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Protecting personal information: Implications of the Protection of Personal Information (POPI) Act for healthcare professionals

Careless handling of patient information in daily medical practice can result in Health Professions Council of South Africa sanction, breach of privacy lawsuits and, in extreme cases, serious monetary penalty or even imprisonment. 

SEPT 21, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Nutrition interventions to treat low muscle mass in cancer

Many patients with cancer experience poor nutritional status, which detrimentally impacts clinical outcomes. Poor nutritional status in cancer is primarily manifested by severe muscle mass (MM) depletion, which may occur at any stage (from curative to palliative) and often co-exists with obesity

MAY 14, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Monitoring of patients on ECMO

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a life support technique used when a person's lungs and heart are unable to perform enough gas exchange or perfusion to sustain life, thus also referred to as extracorporeal membrane life support (ECLS).

MAR 15, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Compassion fatigue

Healthcare providers are particularly vulnerable to emotional distress during the Covid-19 pandemic. They are faced daily with the risk of exposure, concerned about infecting, and caring for their loved ones  hortages of personal protective equipment, longer work hours,

MAR 25, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

The ABC of the FBC (The full blood count) & MCQ

Introduction – full blood count
• One of the most frequently requested tests in lab.
• Adds important information to assessment of patient.
• Accurate interpretation of FBC is an essential skill.

MAY 14, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Source plasma

Plasma is the liquid part of your blood in which red cells, white cells and platelets are suspended. It carries these components throughout the body and makes up about 55% of your total blood volume.

JULY 1, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINT

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Infants and Children

Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes severe community and nosocomial outbreaks.

JULY 1, 2021   |  CLINICAL: 1 POINT


Mycology is the study of fungi and fungal diseases. Humans become accidental hosts by inhalation of spores or by introduction of the fungus into tissue through trauma.  

SEP 09, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Regulation of bone remodeling by vitamin K2

Acquired B phenotype is part of a rare group of ABO discrepancies (Harmening, 2012: 138). In order to understand the acquired B phenomenon, one has to first understand what is meant with an ABO discrepancy. 

OCT 4, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINT

Ethics Articles

An exploration of an ethics of care in relation to people with intellectual disability and their family caregivers in the Cape Town metropole in South Africa

People with intellectual disability (ID) are defined as a group by their need for lifelong support. For the most part, it falls to family caregivers to provide this support.

MAR 17, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Practice what you preach’: Nurses’ perspectives on the Code of Ethics and Service Pledge in five South African hospitals

A recent focus of the global discourse on the health workforce has been on its quality, including the existence of codes of ethics. 

MAR 17, 2021  |  ETHICS: 1 POINTS

Blood Transfusions and Medical Malpractice in South Africa

Blood transfusions save countless lives around the world, with an estimated 85 million units of red blood cells transfused each year.

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Ethics of sleep- Clinical practice and the law

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and its caused coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in China since December 2019.

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Balancing health worker well-being and duty to care: an ethical approach to staff safety in COVID-19 and beyond.

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the risks that can be involved in healthcare work. In this paper, we explore the issue of staff safety in clinical work using the example of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the COVID-19 crisis.

JULY 1, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS