CPD Articles

Medical  |  Medical Technology  |  Emergency Care  |  Psychology


Clinical Articles

Managing the Covid-19 pandemic in South African Schools: turning challenge into opportunity

This article reports on challenges faced today by the South African schooling system due to the Covid-19 pandemic, with the emphasis on the public school system. Its aim is to show the extent and nature of these challenges and how they exacerbate existing challenges and impact the quality of post-matric study and tertiary education.

JUN 29, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Post-traumatic stress disorder among rural widows in Nsukka: risk factors and wellbeing domains
Losing a spouse to death is recognized as the most adverse life event that may increase the risk of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other psychopathology with studies demonstrating that widows experienced more post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms than their non-widowed counterparts.

JUN 29, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Posttraumatic stress disorder and psychological distress in Rwandan refugees living in Zambia

The present study investigated posttraumatic stress disorder and psychological distress among Rwandan refugees living in the townships of Lusaka, Zambia. Refugees are often exposed to trauma and violence which leads to a wide range of psychological distress and mental disorders.

JUN 29, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

The prevalence of hope, subjective well-being, and psychopathology among trauma survivors at community-based clinics in Gauteng

This study examined the prevalence of hope and subjective well-being as well as symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder among trauma survivors at community-based clinics in Gauteng.

JUN 29, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Emotional consequences of hate incidents: experiences of a South African cohort

The consequences of hate incidents are far greater than transgressions without an underlying bias motive. The powerful emotional and psychological effect observed in victims of hate rests in the perpetrator attacking the identity or an unchangeable characteristic of a victim.

MAR 22, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Fatigue-management strategies among women with endometriosis in South Africa: a qualitative study

Fatigue is a common, secondary symptom of endometriosis that has not been qualitatively explored. We conducted individual, face-to-face interviews with 25 women in South Africa about their experiences of endometriosis-related fatigue.

MAR 22, 2022   |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Social justice, health equity, and mental health

There is considerable evidence to indicate that stigma and discrimination against people with mental illnesses are widely prevalent across nations. Research also shows that individuals with mental illnesses are likely to die 15–20 years younger than those who do not have these illnesses.

MAR 22, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Student factors affecting academic success among undergraduate students at two South African higher education institutions

This study explored student factors affecting academic success among undergraduate students at a historically Black and a historically White South African public higher education institution. Qualitative methodology was used.  Data were collected through five focus group discussions from 31 undergraduate students

MAR 22, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Challenges of quality improvement in the healthcare of South Africa post-apartheid: A critical review

There is overwhelming evidence that the quality of health care in South Africa has been compromised by various challenges that impact negatively on healthcare quality. Improvement in quality care means fewer errors, reduced delays in care delivery, improvement in efficiency, increased market share and lower cost. Decline in quality health care has caused
the public to lose trust in the healthcare system in South Africa.

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

DNA vaccines against COVID-19: Perspectives and challenges

n the second week of December 2019, patients with an atypical form of pneumonia were diagnosed in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China [1]. At this time, it was detected as a new coronavirus, initially named nCoV- 2019.

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Joints: What you need to know if you have Crohn’s
and Colitis

Joint problems are one of the most common symptoms outside the gut that people with Crohn’s or Colitis experience.  This information is for anyone who wants to know more about joint problems related to Crohn’s or Colitis. It looks at diagnosis and treatment, the health professionals who can help and what you can do to manage joint problems.

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Nutrition Therapy Cost-Effectiveness Model Indicating How Nutrition May Contribute to the Efficiency and Financial Sustainability of the Health Systems

Malnutrition is highly prevalent in hospitalized patients but seldom recognized and treated. Malnutrition poses several adverse events, such as increased infection rates, length of hospital stay, and mortality, as well as costs

JAN 26, 2022   |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Summary of Proceedings and Expert Consensus Statements From the International Summit “Lipids in Parenteral Nutrition

The 2018 Lipids in Parenteral Nutrition summit involved a panel of experts in clinical nutrition, lipid metabolism, and pharmacology, to assess the current state of knowledge and develop expert consensus statements regarding the use of intravenous lipid emulsions in various patient populations and clinical settings.

JAN 26, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Cognitive coping strategies of South African women in breast cancer care

In this qualitative study, we explored the cognitive strategies used by South African women with breast cancer to cope with their cancer experience. The themes that emerged were reappraisal, acceptance, relinquishing control, and benefit finding.

NOV 8, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Cognitive coping strategies of South African women in breast cancer care

In this qualitative study, we explored the cognitive strategies used by South African women with breast cancer to cope with their cancer experience. The themes that emerged were reappraisal, acceptance, relinquishing control, and benefit finding. Reappraisal involved downward comparison, normalising experiences, and positive self-talk.

NOV 8, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Discourses in accounts of rape by sex offenders in Limpopo province, South Africa

South Africa is known for having the highest number of sexual violence cases in the world. In response to these reports, the government has declared rape as a priority crime, and various measures have been put in place to address this scourge.

NOV 8, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Frequently asked questions about African psychology: another view

The South African Journal of Psychology, in pages 273–279, of 2017, published a very important and commendable editorial by Kopano Ratele aimed at re-igniting the debate on issues surrounding ‘decades-old confusion about the definition, scope, impetus for, and ultimate aims of an African psychology within South Africa (SA)’.

NOV 8, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Profiling the unemployed from selected communities in South Africa based on their experiences, commitment to employment, and job search behaviour

Unemployment has negative consequences for individuals’ psychological well-being. Consequently, interventions should be designed and implemented to alleviate the psychological burden of unemployment.

NOV 8, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Recovery scenario and immunity in COVID-19 disease: A new strategy to predict the potential of reinfection

 The recent ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), still is an unsolved problem with a growing rate of infected cases and mortality worldwide.

NOV 5, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 in the Treatment of Functional Abdominal Pain in Children: RCT Study & MCQ

 Beneficial therapeutic effect of probiotics has been reported in children with the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) but not consistently in other functional abdominal pain-related disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 in thetreatment of functional abdominal pain (FAP) and IBS in children.

OCT 29, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Infants and Children

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is caused by the retrovirus HIV-1 (and less commonly by the related retrovirus HIV-2). Infection leads to progressive immunologic deterioration and opportunistic infections and cancers.

OCT 19, 2021 |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Ethics Articles

Principles of Clinical Ethics and Their Application to Practice

An overview of ethics and clinical ethics is presented in this review. The 4 main ethical principles, that is beneficence,
nonmaleficence, autonomy, and justice, are defined and explained. Informed consent, truth-telling, and confidentiality
spring from the principle of autonomy, and each of them is discussed.


Teamwork Ethics

Ethical teamwork is dependent on communication, joint decision-making,
collaboration, self-management, and accountability. To assist everyone in practicing virtues and working well internally, teams need codes of ethics and
codes of conduct.

MAY 6, 2022  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Code of Ethics Relating To Transfusion Medicine

The availability of a safe, effective and sufficient supply of blood and blood products (hereafter defined
as ‘blood’) as well as their optimal use for patients, underpins the practice of modern medicine. Blood is
a medical product of human origin and its availability is dependent on the contribution of the donor who gives blood for the benefit of others with no physical benefit to her/himself

MAR 15, 2022  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Blood transfusion, pregnancy and birth

This information is for you if you want to know more about having a blood transfusion when pregnant or shortly after you give birth. It may be helpful if you are a relative or friend of someone who is in this situation.

MAR 10, 2022  |  ETHICS: 1 POINTS