CPD Articles

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Clinical Articles

National level adjustments to the challenges of the SARS-CoV2 pandemic on blood banking operations

Background: SARS-CoV2 causing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is responsible for an unprecedented worldwide pandemic severely affecting all activities of societies including blood banking.

APR 1, 2021   |   CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

The Healthy Schools Programme in South Africa

This case study focuses on the school as a setting for community-based prevention of factors that place learners at risk, such as poverty, violence, substance abuse, learning difficulties and HIV/AIDS.

APR 1, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Anemia affects one-fourth of the world’s population, and iron deficiency is the predominant cause. Anemia is associated
with chronic fatigue, impaired cognitive function, and diminished well-being.

APR 1, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Basic Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics plays an important role in understanding chromosomal and genetic disorders. Understanding the basic cytogenetic abnormalities can give us an insight in its use in the diagnosis of haematological diseases.

MAR 17, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Moraxella catarrhalis

About 1 to 5% of healthy adults have upper respiratory tract colonization. Nasopharyngeal colonization with Mcatarrhalis is common throughout infancy, may be increased during winter months, and is a risk factor for acute otitis media...

MAR 15, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the most common and severe form of hypercholesterolemia, is an autosomal codominant
disease characterized by an increased plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and premature atherosclerosis.

MAR 4, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Plant-Based Diets for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: All Plant Foods Are

Plant-based diets have been widely promoted for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction. This review discusses the various definitions of plant-based diets...

MAR 1, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Anxiety Disorder and Anxiety Attacks

Anxiety is a normal reaction to danger, the body’s automatic fight-or-flight response that is triggered when you feel threatened, under pressure, or are facing a challenging situation, such as a job interview, exam, or first date.

FEB 19, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Generalised anxiety disorder in adolescents in Ghana: Examination of the psychometric properties of the Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 scale

The Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) is a self-report scale used to assess general anxiety symptoms.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

The Value of a Venous Blood gas to monitor diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA is caused by an absence or inadequate amount of insulin. This is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Mental health in the workplace

According to the world health organization (WHO) mental health can be defined as a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life...

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS


Neurocysticercosis is a systematic illness caused by the dissemination of the larval form of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Encystment of larvae can occur in almost any tissue.

OCT 21, 2020   |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Protecting personal information: Implications of the Protection of Personal Information (POPI) Act for healthcare professionals

Careless handling of patient information in daily medical practice can result in Health Professions Council of South Africa sanction, breach of privacy lawsuits and, in extreme cases, serious monetary penalty or even imprisonment.

SEPT 21, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Fungitell assay

With the high mortality rate associated with invasive fungal infections, methods for timely detection and diagnosis are necessary for appropriate and effective treatment.

AUG 26, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Salt Reduction to Prevent Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease

There is strong evidence for a causal relationship between salt intake and blood pressure. Randomized trials demonstrate that salt reduction lowers blood pressure in both individuals who are hypertensive and those who are normotensive, additively to antihypertensive treatments.

JUL 9, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Association of Cardiac Injury With Mortality in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 in Wuhan, China

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in considerable morbidity
and mortality worldwide since December 2019. However, information on cardiac injury in patients affected by COVID-19 is limited.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Chronology of COVID-19 cases on the Diamond Princess cruise ship and ethical considerations: a report from Japan

The Diamond Princess cruise ship has been anchored at the Yokohama port in Japan since February 3, 2020. A total of 691 cases of COVID-19 infection had been confirmed as of February 23.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Temporal profiles of viral load in posterior oropharyngeal saliva samples and serum antibody responses during infection by SARS-CoV-2: an observational cohort study

Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes severe community and nosocomial outbreaks.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

UV Sterilization of Personal Protective Equipment with Idle Laboratory Biosafety Cabinets During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Personal protective equipment (PPE), including surgical masks and N95 respirators, is crucially important to the safety of both patients and medical personnel, particularly in the event of infectious pandemics.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Commonly used drugs in ER and ICU and their unintended effects on laboratory results

A pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication, is a chemical substance used to treat, prevent or diagnose disease or promote well-being. Drugs have both intended and unintended therapeutic effects. Unintended therapeutic effects are also known as side-effects.

MAY 7, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Ethics Articles

Ethics of sleep- Clinical practice and the law

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Is nutritional care a human right?

The high prevalence of disease-related malnutrition is a major public health issue worldwide despite the fact that the efficacy of nutritional care has been extensively documented.

JUL 9, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and its caused coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in China since December 2019.

MAY 18, 2020  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

May Hospitals Withhold Ventilators from COVID-19 Patients with Pre- Existing Disabilities? Notes on the Law and Ethics of Disability-Based Medical Rationing

For years, conflicts over medical rationing have preoccupied participants in health care debates.

MAY 18, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Organ Donation: Ethics thereof

Transplantation ethics is a philosophy that incorporates systematizing, defending, and advocating concepts of right and wrong conduct related to organ donation.

MAY 15, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Science, ethics and communication remain essential for the success of cell-based therapies

Cell‑based therapeutics, such as marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, are a standard of care for certain malignancies.

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS