CPD Articles

Medical  |  Medical Technology  |  Emergency Care  |  Psychology


Clinical Articles

National level adjustments to the challenges of the SARS-CoV2 pandemic on blood banking operations

Background: SARS-CoV2 causing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is responsible for an unprecedented worldwide pandemic severely affecting all activities of societies including blood banking.

APR 1, 2021   |   CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

The Healthy Schools Programme in South Africa

This case study focuses on the school as a setting for community-based prevention of factors that place learners at risk, such as poverty, violence, substance abuse, learning difficulties and HIV/AIDS.

APR 1, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia

Anemia affects one-fourth of the world’s population, and iron deficiency is the predominant cause. Anemia is associated
with chronic fatigue, impaired cognitive function, and diminished well-being.

MAR 25, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Basic Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics plays an important role in understanding chromosomal and genetic disorders. Understanding the basic cytogenetic abnormalities can give us an insight in its use in the diagnosis of haematological diseases.

MAR 17, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Moraxella catarrhalis

About 1 to 5% of healthy adults have upper respiratory tract colonization. Nasopharyngeal colonization with Mcatarrhalis is common throughout infancy, may be increased during winter months, and is a risk factor for...

MAR 15, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the most common and severe form of hypercholesterolemia, is an autosomal codominant disease characterized by an increased plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and premature atherosclerosis. 

MAR 4, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Plant-Based Diets for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: All Plant Foods Are

Plant-based diets have been widely promoted for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction. This review discusses the various definitions of plant-based diets...

MAR 1, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Anxiety Disorder and Anxiety Attacks

Anxiety is a normal reaction to danger, the body’s automatic fight-or-flight response that is triggered when you feel threatened, under pressure, or are facing a challenging situation, such as a job interview, exam, or first date.

FEB 19, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Generalised anxiety disorder in adolescents in Ghana: Examination of the psychometric properties of the Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 scale

The Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) is a self-report scale used to assess general anxiety symptoms.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

The Value of a Venous Blood gas to monitor diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA is caused by an absence or inadequate amount of insulin. This is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Mental health in the workplace

According to the world health organization (WHO) mental health can be defined as a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life...

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS


Neurocysticercosis is a systematic illness caused by the dissemination of the larval form of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. Encystment of larvae can occur in almost any tissue.

OCT 21, 2020   |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Ethics Articles

Balancing health worker well-being and duty to care: an ethical approach to staff safety in COVID-19 and beyond.

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the risks that can be involved in healthcare work. In this paper, we explore the issue of staff safety in clinical work using the example of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the COVID-19 crisis.

JUL 1, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Respecting Parent’s Cultural Beliefs or Saving Child’s Life: an Ethical Dilemma Surrounding Blood Transfusion

Refusal to a medically justified treatment based on cultural beliefs is one of those challenging situations that raise several ethical, moral and legal issues in the health care settings, especially in pediatric settings.

JUL 1, 2021 |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Patients as consumers of health care in South Africa: the ethical and legal implications

South Africa currently has a pluralistic health care system with separate public and private sectors. It is, however, moving towards a socialized model with the introduction of National Health Insurance.

MAR 31, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Practice what you preach’: Nurses’ perspectives on the Code of Ethics and Service Pledge in five South African hospitals Add

Transplantation ethics is a philosophy that incorporates systematizing, defending, and advocating concepts of right and wrong conduct related to organ donation.

MAY 17, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Ethics of sleep- Clinical practice and the law

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS