CPD Articles

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Emergency Care

Clinical Articles

The Value of a Venous Blood gas to monitor diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA is caused by an absence or inadequate amount of insulin. This is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Inappropriateness in laboratory medicine: an elephant in the room?

Appropriateness of diagnostic testing can be conventionally described as prescription of the right test, using the right method, at the right time, to the right patient, with the right costs and for producing the right outcome.

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Macrophage Activation and Functions during Helminth Infection: Recent Advances from the Laboratory Mouse

Macrophages are highly plastic innate immune cells that adopt an important diversity of phenotypes in response to environmental cues.

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Protecting personal information: Implications of the Protection of Personal Information (POPI) Act for healthcare professionals

Careless handling of patient information in daily medical practice can result in Health Professions Council of South Africa sanction, breach of privacy lawsuits and, in extreme cases, serious monetary penalty or even imprisonment.

SEPT 21, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

What is CPR?

CPR is an emergency lifesaving procedure performed when the heart stops beating

https://www.readersdigest.ca/health/conditions/essential-cpr-steps 

https://cpr.heart.org/en/resources/what-is-cpr

SEPT 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Analgesic Efficacy, Practicality and Safety of Inhaled Methoxyflurane Versus Standard Analgesic Treatment for Acute Trauma Pain in the Emergency Setting: A Randomised, Open-Label, Active-Controlled, Multicentre Trial in Italy (MEDITA)

Inhaled low-dose methoxyflurane is approved in Europe for emergency relief of moderate-to-severe trauma-related pain in adults, but data versus active comparators are sparse. 

JUL 20, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Service Evaluation of Methoxyflurane Versus Standard Care for Overall Management of Patients with Pain Due to Injury

Inhaled methoxyflurane is an analgesic used for the emergency relief of moderate to severe pain in conscious adult patients with trauma and associated pain that is increasingly being used in hospital emergency departments to provide rapid analgesia.

JUL 20, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Salt Reduction to Prevent Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease

Inhaled methoxyflurane is an analgesic used for the emergency relief of moderate to severe pain in conscious adult patients with trauma and associated pain that is increasingly being used in hospital emergency departments to provide rapid analgesia.

JUL 9, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Use Of Gloves

Disposable medical gloves are used to protect health professionals from the risk of infection and to reduce opportunities for cross-transmission of micro-organisms”(Loveday et al, 2014).

MAY 20, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Association of Cardiac Injury With Mortality in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 in Wuhan, China

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in considerable morbidity
and mortality worldwide since December 2019. However, information on cardiac injury in patients affected by COVID-19 is limited.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Temporal profiles of viral load in posterior oropharyngeal saliva samples and serum antibody responses during infection by SARS-CoV-2: an observational cohort study

Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes severe community and nosocomial outbreaks.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

UV Sterilization of Personal Protective Equipment with Idle Laboratory Biosafety Cabinets During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Personal protective equipment (PPE), including surgical masks and N95 respirators, is crucially important to the safety of both patients and medical personnel, particularly in the event of infectious pandemics.

MAY 18, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Commonly used drugs in ER and ICU and their unintended effects on laboratory results

A pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication, is a chemical substance used to treat, prevent or diagnose disease or promote well-being. Drugs have both intended and unintended therapeutic effects.

MAY 7, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Ethics Articles

Patients as consumers of health care in South Africa: the ethical and legal implications

People with intellectual disability (ID) are defined as a group bytheir need for lifelong support. For the most part, it falls to familycaregivers to provide this support.

MAR 31, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Ethics of sleep- Clinical practice and the law

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Ethics of instantaneous contact tracing using mobile phone apps in the control of the COVID-19 pandemic

Blood transfusions save countless lives around the world, with an estimated 85 million units of red blood cells transfused each year.

NOV 2, 2020  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Addressing harm in moral case deliberation: the views and experiences of facilitators

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAY 19, 2020  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and its caused coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in China since December 2019.

MAY 18, 2020  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

May Hospitals Withhold Ventilators from COVID-19 Patients with Pre- Existing Disabilities? Notes on the Law and Ethics of Disability-Based Medical Rationing

For years, conflicts over medical rationing have preoccupied participants in health care debates. But they have tended to take place in the abstract...

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Organ Donation: Ethics thereof

Transplantation ethics is a philosophy that incorporates systematizing, defending, and advocating concepts of right and wrong conduct related to organ donation. In the field of organ transplantation, the role of medical ethic values is significant to the welfare of the society.

MAY 15, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Science, ethics and communication remain essential for the success of cell-based therapies

Cell‑based therapeutics, such as marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, are a standard of care for certain malignancies. More recently, a wider variety of cell‑based therapeutics including the use of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells, T‑cells, and others show great promise in a wider range of diseases.

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS