CPD Articles

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Emergency Care

Clinical Articles

The Value of a Venous Blood gas to monitor diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA is caused by an absence or inadequate amount of insulin. This is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones.

NOV 10, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Inappropriateness in laboratory medicine: an elephant in the room?

Appropriateness of diagnostic testing can be conventionally described as prescription of the right test, using the right method, at the right time, to the right patient, with the right costs and for producing the right outcome.

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Macrophage Activation and Functions during Helminth Infection: Recent Advances from the Laboratory Mouse

Macrophages are highly plastic innate immune cells that adopt an important diversity of phenotypes in response to environmental cues.

NOV 2, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Protecting personal information: Implications of the Protection of Personal Information (POPI) Act for healthcare professionals

Careless handling of patient information in daily medical practice can result in Health Professions Council of South Africa sanction, breach of privacy lawsuits and, in extreme cases, serious monetary penalty or even imprisonment.

SEPT 21, 2020  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Tough Pill to Swallow: Postextubation Dysphagia (PED) and Nutrition Impact in the Intensive Care Unit

More than 5 million patients are admitted to US intensive care units (ICUs) each year. Many of these patients have risk factors
for dysphagia. Dysphagia must be promptly addressed and appropriately treated to avoid the deleterious impacts of aspiration and
malnutrition.

JAN 18, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Nutrition interventions to treat low muscle mass in cancer

Many patients with cancer experience poor nutritional status, which detrimentally impacts clinical outcomes. Poor nutritional
status in cancer is primarily manifested by severe muscle mass (MM) depletion, which may occur at any stage (from curative to
palliative) and often co-exists with obesity.

JAN 18, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

The ABC of the FBC (The full blood count) & MCQ

Introduction – full blood count
• One of the most frequently requested tests in lab.
• Adds important information to assessment of patient.
• Accurate interpretation of FBC is an essential skill.

MAY 14, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Basic Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics plays an important role in understanding chromosomal and genetic disorders. Understanding the basic cytogenetic abnormalities can give us an insight in its use in the diagnosis of haematological diseases.

MAR 17, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINT

Energy Requirements in Critically ill patients

During the management of critical illness, optimal nutritional support is an important key for achieving positive clinical outcomes. Compared to healthy people, critically ill patients have higher..

FEB 8, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Evaluating trauma scoring systems for patients presenting with gunshot injuries to a district-level urban public hospital in Cape Town, South Africa

Trauma scoring systems are widely used in emergency settings to guide clinical decisions and to predict mortality. It remains unclear which system is most suitable to use for patients with gunshot injuries at district-level hospitals.

JULY 01, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

The management of medical records in the context of service delivery in the public sector in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: the case of Ngwelezana hospital

Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) causes severe community and nosocomial outbreaks.

JULY 1, 2021  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

Ethics Articles

Patients as consumers of health care in South Africa: the ethical and legal implications

People with intellectual disability (ID) are defined as a group bytheir need for lifelong support. For the most part, it falls to familycaregivers to provide this support.

MAR 31, 2021  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Ethics of sleep- Clinical practice and the law

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAR 5, 2021  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Ethics of instantaneous contact tracing using mobile phone apps in the control of the COVID-19 pandemic

Blood transfusions save countless lives around the world, with an estimated 85 million units of red blood cells transfused each year.

NOV 2, 2020  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Addressing harm in moral case deliberation: the views and experiences of facilitators

Ethical behaviour is core to the practice of sleep medicine. Sleep medicine raises questions in three often distinguished subcategories of ethics - normative ethics (how should we behave?)...

MAY 19, 2020  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and its caused coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in China since December 2019.

MAY 18, 2020  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

May Hospitals Withhold Ventilators from COVID-19 Patients with Pre- Existing Disabilities? Notes on the Law and Ethics of Disability-Based Medical Rationing

For years, conflicts over medical rationing have preoccupied participants in health care debates. But they have tended to take place in the abstract...

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Organ Donation: Ethics thereof

Transplantation ethics is a philosophy that incorporates systematizing, defending, and advocating concepts of right and wrong conduct related to organ donation. In the field of organ transplantation, the role of medical ethic values is significant to the welfare of the society.

MAY 15, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS

Science, ethics and communication remain essential for the success of cell-based therapies

Cell‑based therapeutics, such as marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, are a standard of care for certain malignancies. More recently, a wider variety of cell‑based therapeutics including the use of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells, T‑cells, and others show great promise in a wider range of diseases.

MAY 14, 2020  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS