CPD Articles

Medical  |  Medical Technology  |  Emergency Care  |  Psychology

Emergency Care

Clinical Articles

Antibody Screening and Identification in Voluntary Blood Donors – Need of the Hour

Although unexpected antibody screening is mandatory according to the Food and Drug Administration and National Blood Policy, the prevalence of irregular red cell antibody and its specificities are not much reported in the donor population of western India. The objective of this study is to find the prevalence of unexpected antibodies in healthy blood donor population of western India

AUG 11, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

The iron status of South African blood donors: balancing donor safety and blood demand

Several studies in developed countries have demonstrated high levels of iron deficiency (ID) among blood donors. There is a paucity of data for developing countries where blood shortages
remain a major concern.

MAR 11, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Infection Prevention & Control (IPC) Standard precautions

Many medical practices and risks associated with health care are emerging as major challenges for patient safety and contribute significantly to the burden of harm due to unsafe care. Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are one of the frequently encountered patient safety incidents in care delivery and poses a major public health challenge impacting on morbidity, mortality and quality of life.

MAR 10, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic condition that can cause sudden, intense painful episodes, typically on one particular side of your face, that can disrupt daily activities.

MAR 10, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Nervous breakdown! A registry of nerve blocks from a South African emergency centre

 Nerve blocks are commonplace in the operating theatre and have recently made their way into emergency centres as a viable alternative to traditional methods of analgesia. Their use and safety has been documented for a variety of pathologies and it has been shown that they spare opioids and shorten time to discharge.

MAR 2, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINTS

Bioethical perspective of convalescent plasma therapy for COVID-19: A systematic review

Convalescent plasma therapy (CP) has long been used to prevent and treat various infectious diseasesbefore COVID-19 such as SARS, MERS, and H1N1. Because the viral and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 share the similarities between SARS and MERS, CP treatment could be a promising treatment optionto save COVID-19.

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Challenges of quality improvement in the healthcare of South Africa post-apartheid: A critical review

There is overwhelming evidence that the quality of health care in South Africa has been compromised by various challenges that impact negatively on healthcare quality. Improvement in quality care means fewer errors, reduced delays in care delivery, improvement in efficiency, increased market share and lower cost

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

DNA vaccines against COVID-19: Perspectives and challenges

In the second week of December 2019, patients with an atypical form of pneumonia were diagnosed in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China [1]. At this time, it was detected as a new coronavirus, initially named nCoV- 2019. In mid-January, the genome of this pathogen was made public, with its precise definition as “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2” (SARS-CoV-2), thus named “coronavirus disease 2019” (COVID-19).

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 1 POINT

Joints: What you need to know if you have Crohn’s and Colitis

Joint problems are one of the most common symptoms outside the gut that people with Crohn’s or Colitis experience.  This information is for anyone who wants to know more about joint problems related to Crohn’s or Colitis. It looks at diagnosis and treatment, the health professionals who can help and what you can do to manage joint problems.

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Social Media Health Promotion in South Africa opportunities and challenges

Health promotion is an effective tool for public health. It goes beyond preventing the spread of diseases and reducing the disease burden. It includes interventions encompassing the creation of supportive environments, building public health policy, developing personal skills, reorienting health services and strengthening multisectoral community actions.

MAR 1, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 3 POINTS

The Development of COVID-19 related thrombosis

COVID - 19 (Corona virus disease 2019) which is also known as novel coronavirus is caused by SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2). This respiratory disease which is treated as primary pulmonary illness worldwide was discovered and originally traced to a food market in Wuhan, China in December 2019

FEB 8, 2022  |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Nutritional Risk at intensive care unit admission and outcomes in survivors of critical illness

Risk factors for poor outcomes after critical illness are incompletely understood. While nutritional risk is associated with mortality in critically ill patients, its association with disability, cognitive, and health-related quality of life is unclear in survivors of critical illness. This study's objective was to determine whether greater nutritional risk at ICU admission is associated with greater disability, worse cognition, and worse HRQOL at 3 and 12-month follow-up.

JAN 26, 2022 |  CLINICAL: 2 POINTS

Ethics Articles

Teamwork Ethics

Ethical teamwork is dependent on communication, joint decision-making, collaboration, self-management, and accountability. To assist everyone in practicing virtues and working well internally, teams need codes of ethics and
codes of conduct.

MAY 6, 2022  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Code of Ethics Relating To Transfusion Medicine

The availability of a safe, effective and sufficient supply of blood and blood products (hereafter defined as ‘blood’) as well as their optimal use for patients, underpins the practice of modern medicine.

MAR 15, 2022  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Blood transfusion, pregnancy and birth

A blood transfusion involves giving blood or blood components from one person (known as the donor) to another person. A blood transfusion can be a life-saving process.

MAR 10, 2022  |  ETHICS: 1 POINTS

Principles of Clinical Ethics and Their Application to Practice

An overview of ethics and clinical ethics is presented in this review. The 4 main ethical principles, that is beneficence,
nonmaleficence, autonomy, and justice, are defined and explained.

MAR 1, 2022  |  ETHICS: 2 POINTS

Ethical issues and dilemmas in artificial nutrition and hydration

When the natural oral intake of food and liquids is disturbed the role of caregivers is to assist the patient in order to cover the individual's need for nutrition by nutrition therapy.

FEB 1, 2022  |  ETHICS: 3 POINTS