Skin Care Management For Medical And Aesthetic Procedures To Prevent Scarring

An estimated 100 million people per year in developed countries acquire scars following surgical procedures whether it be elective, therapeutic or reparative. Scarring from surgery can have a significant physical and psychological impact depending on the colour, relief, size, body location, surface area or function. Whether a procedure be life-saving such as a mastectomy, a caesarean, or a mole excision, or aesthetic such as breast reconstruction or laser treatment, patients are increasingly concerned with having an aesthetic scar outcome. With improved surgical and technological advances, elective surgery and cosmetic procedures are becoming safer and easier to perform in both hospitals and outpatient clinics. This means that more people elect to undergo procedures for an increasing number of indications on varied body areasincludingtheface,backandlimbsbutalsobreasts,earsorgenitalia.Therefore,takingthefinal scar outcome into consideration both before and after a procedure is becoming particularly importanttoensurethatcontrolledhealingoccurswithminimaldiscomfort.Asthehealingprocess varies from one procedure to another, and from one body part to another, each wound requires specificcare.Dermatologistsarewellplacedtomanagewoundhealingbutthereremainsaneedfor them to be involved in wound management and help surgeons better manage the wound healing process beyond wound closure and infection control. Basic skin care can play a role to protect the skin barrier function, control inflammation and enhance natural healing. The objective of this reviewistoproviderecommendationsbasedonpublishedliteraturefortherolebasicskincareplays in supporting continued wound management following invasive procedures.